Google’s $4.6 billion plan for an open wireless Internet

2007.07.20 • 12:54 EST

Would that all kings were so benevolent. Google announced today it would set aside at least $4.6 billion to purchase a slice of the public airwaves in an upcoming government auction of radio spectrum. The company is imposing one condition on its money: It will only participate, it says, if the Federal Communications Commission requires that all bidders for the radio waves be forced to adhere to principles of Internet “openness.”

This is huge news, though to understand its implications you’ve got to know what’s been going on in the regulatory debate over the next wireless Internet. More than a decade ago, the government mandated that all TV broadcasters transmit their signals digitally, freeing up a huge slice of public airwaves for other uses. In January, the FCC will hold a public auction of the vacated radio spectrum — it’s known at the 700 MHz frequency — and traditional communications companies such as AT&T and Verizon are salivating at the chance to grab up the space.

The 700 MHz airwaves will be used for data; wireless companies talk of a fast, robust, nationwide wireless Internet — but that’s exactly what’s so worrying about the prospect of the spectrum going to the telecom firms, which have not generally favored openness on their networks. On today’s cellphone networks, wireless companies won’t let people run the applications or devices they choose — all major carriers, for instance, prohibit their customers from adding Skype to their cellphones, and they frown upon letting you use phones that also do Wi-Fi (because if you’re using Wi-Fi, you’re not ringing up minutes on the cell data plan).

Over the last several months, Google, eBay (which owns Skype), and other Internet firms — along with many consumer advocacy groups — have lobbied the FCC to mandate that telecom firms clean up their act on the 700 MHz spectrum. You can think of it as the network neutrality debate for wireless.

As it has outlined in a letter to the FCC (PDF) and numerous times on its company blogs, Google wants the agency to require that any firm that bids for rights to the 700 MHz spectrum promise to: 1) let customers download and use any software on the network; 2) let customers use any device on the network; 3) sell wireless space to any third-party wireless provider at commercial rates; 4) allow the wireless network to interconnect with other Internet service providers.

A couple of weeks ago, Kevin Martin, the chairman of the FCC, released a draft version of rules for the auction that were widely interpreted as siding with Google. In fact, Martin’s draft only went partway toward full openness — it allowed for points 1 and 2 from above, but not points 3 and 4. And that’s where the $4.6 billion comes in: Google is using its considerable wealth as bait to bring Martin all the way to full openness.

Telecom firms loathe these openness principles, and they’ve been lobbying Martin to reject Google’s plan by arguing that any rules would make the spectrum less attractive to bidders — and, therefore, will result in lower revenues for the government in an auction. Google’s money eviscerates that argument: Google will put its billions in only if the FCC adopts all four principles of openness, CEO Eric Schmidt told Martin in a letter (PDF). And the government stands to make a lot more money at auction if Google participates than if it does not.

It’s a brilliant strategy, one that puts wireless companies in a tough spot. We’ve long known that Google hired the smartest engineers in the world. Now we’re seeing their public policy gurus aren’t too shabby either.

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This entry was posted in News, Technology by xmBill. Bookmark the permalink.

About xmBill

Just a computer geek that is into all kinds of things involving computers, music, water sports, electronics, and basically anything high tech. Now days the way our Government is run; politics.

2 thoughts on “Google’s $4.6 billion plan for an open wireless Internet

  1. interesting tactic by google. t-mobile has started letting people use wifi on their cells…for a price.

    also, i wonder who the big player is on the other side of the aisle that will be opposing Google?

  2. Hopefully, anything will be better than what we have now. I recently purchased a Verizon (HTC) XV-6700 with WiFi after going round and round with Verizon’s Customer Service and store management telling me all the things they said I can’t do with it because they don’t want anyone using the Internet ANYway on that phone without their almost $50 data plan. I wanted the phone because I have WiFi at home and work. I had to take the data plan to get $100 knocked off the price of the phone. I canceled it 34 days later as it was not part of the contract. I had only used it the 1st week and had accumulated only 67,500KB of data. They said it would have cost me $788 had I not had the plan. I basically told them that if they had charged me that for the little usage I had, they would never get another penny from me. That was for their EVDO Broadband service. I told them I wanted their 1xRTT slower data service to use on a rare occasion when no WiFi is available. They said it was not available for that phone although when I had the EVDO data plan it was available and I used it. I had been a satisfied Verizon customer for over 7 years. Now I’m not.
    Hopefully, Google intends to change this!

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